Conservation is the care and protection of Earth’s natural resources, including air, minerals, plants, water, and wildlife. The goal is to protect and preserve the diversity of life on Earth, which is known as biological diversity or biodiversity. This diversity includes species, genetics, ecosystems and planetary functions like nutrient cycling.
Biodiversity is a vital part of the natural world, and it’s important that we conserve as much of it as possible. However, not all types of conservation are created equal. In this article, we’ll take a look at 15 key conservation jobs and explain what each one involves.
The first step in a successful conservation plan is to identify a problem. Then, you can figure out how to address the problem and develop strategies that will help. Some examples of problems include a loss of species, habitat degradation, and the overuse of natural resources. The article then discusses ways to prevent these kinds of problems and restore biodiversity where necessary.
One of the most common forms of conservation is habitat preservation. This involves protecting and preserving specific areas of land that are home to wildlife, such as forests, mountains, swamps, marshes, or lakes. This is done by zoning laws, restrictions on construction, or even buying up land and turning it into parks or wildlife refuges.
Another important form of conservation is limiting the amount of resources that people use. This can be as simple as reducing the temperature on your thermostat in winter, hanging laundry out to dry instead of using a dryer, or switching to energy efficient light bulbs. Similarly, conserving water means using less of this resource by recycling or using rainwater harvesting techniques in agriculture.
Many different methods of conservation are used, and the most successful ones often combine several of these strategies. For example, a species may be protected through contraception or abortion, but habitat preservation and education will also play an important role in its future success. One example of this is the vaquita, a small porpoise that is on the verge of extinction in the Gulf of California due to illegal fisheries targeting the larger and more lucrative totoaba.
Conservation is a broad field, and it’s not surprising that there are so many different job opportunities within it. The most common career path for those interested in this field is through science and research. This is a long road, though. It typically involves a Bachelor’s Degree, a Master’s Degree, and then a PhD. This is followed by a series of short-term (1-3 year) ‘Post Docs’ before finally securing a longer-term position. However, there are many other career paths for those interested in conservation, and we’ve outlined a few of them in this article.